à fait un résumé du discours de l’émir du Qatar. A la suite vous trouverez la version intégrale et en anglais du discours.
Merci à l’ambassade pour sa traduction, même en résumé, cela facilite grandement la compréhension.
Discours de l’émir Tamim al Thani à l’AG de l’ONU du 28-9-2015 (résumé)
L’Émir du Qatar, M. TAMIN BIN HAMAD AL-THANI, a jugé encourageante l’adoption, par les États Membres, du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030, estimant qu’une bonne répartition des fruits du développement était une condition préalable à la réalisation de la justice sociale, à la dignité humaine, et au renforcement de la cohésion des communautés, et par conséquent, l’amélioration de la sécurité.
De la même façon qu’il n’y a pas de stabilité durable sans développement et justice sociale, le développement est également impossible dans des circonstances de guerres et de troubles.
Selon l’Émir, l’absence de consensus international est un obstacle face aux questions importantes, et la sélectivité dans le respect de la justice et du droit international est encore répandue, a-t-il déploré.
Le conflit au Moyen-Orient continuera de poser une constante menace à la paix et à la sécurité internationales en raison de son impact direct sur un grand nombre de crises que connaissent la région et le monde, a-t-il déclaré. La solution juste et durable de la question palestinienne ne peut être reportée à la prochaine génération, a—t-il dit. La réalisation d’un règlement juste et durable qui puisse mettre fin à l’occupation israélienne des terres palestiniennes et permettre l’établissement d’un État palestinien exige un partenaire israélien pour la paix, un partenaire qui fait défaut, a-t-il estimé.
L’Émir a déclaré que la poursuite de la cause palestinienne sans une solution permanente et juste constituait un stigmate sur la face de l’humanité. La communauté internationale, représentée par le Conseil de sécurité, doit assumer ses responsabilités, prendre une position ferme obligeant Israël à se conformer aux résultats attendus de la paix, à savoir, l’arrêt de toutes les formes d’activités de colonisation dans les territoires palestiniens occupés, la levée du siège injuste de la bande de Gaza, la mise en œuvre des résolutions qui reconnaissent au peuple palestinien le droit de reconquérir leurs droits nationaux légitimes et de créer un État palestinien selon les frontières 1967, selon le principe de la solution à deux États.
La crise syrienne génère des conséquences catastrophiques pour le Moyen-Orient, et même le monde, à la lumière de la poursuite des atrocités et des crimes horribles commis par le régime contre le peuple syrien, a-t-il ajouté. Selon l’Émir Al-Thani, le régime syrien a manipulé le concept de terrorisme, en dépeignant des manifestations pacifiques en terrorisme, alors que lui-même pratiquait des actes réels de terrorisme.
Il incombe à la communauté internationale d’arrêter les massacres et de fournir les conditions pour une alternative civile et équitable à la tyrannie. L’échec de la communauté internationale à prendre les décisions et les mesures nécessaires pour mettre fin à cette catastrophe est un crime majeur, a—t-il jugé. Dans ce contexte, le rôle de l’Assemblée générale doit être activé et renforcé.
Il a également estimé que l’accord entre l’Iran et le Groupe 5 + 1 était positif et représentait une étape importante. Il a appelé à aller de l’avant et à désarmer toute la région des armes nucléaires et de destruction massive. Dans ce contexte, et compte tenu de l’importance stratégique de la région du Golfe, la réalisation de la stabilité dans le Golfe est essentielle pour les pays de la région et la communauté internationale dans son ensemble.
L’Émir a par ailleurs assuré que les relations bilatérales entre le Qatar et l’Iran évoluaient de manière régulière sur la base des intérêts communs et de bon voisinage. Selon lui, les antagonismes actuels ne proviennent pas d’un conflit entre chiites et sunnites, mais plutôt de différences résultant d’intérêts politiques ou d’intérêts de forces politiques et sociales qui entretiennent les préjugés sectaires.
Il a affirmé l’engagement de son pays pour l’unité, l’intégrité territoriale et la souveraineté du Yémen, et son appui à l’achèvement du processus politique, conformément à l’initiative du Golfe, à son mécanisme de direction, aux résultats du dialogue national en janvier 2014, à la Déclaration de Riyad de mai 2015 et aux résolutions pertinentes du Conseil de sécurité, notamment la résolution 2216 (2015)…
Discours de l’émir Tamim al Thani à l’AG de l’ONU du 28-9-2015
L’intégrale du discours de l’émir Tamim. “We stress here that in essence there is no faith that preaches terrorism.”
– HH the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al -Thani participated in the opening meeting of the 70th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, which was held at UN headquarters in New York today, with participation of a number of Heads of State and Government and heads of délégations.
HH the Emir delivered the following speech: In the name of God the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate Your Majesties, Excellencies and Highnesses, Excellencies, Your Excellency, President of the United Nations General Assembly, Your Excellency, Secretary-General of the United Nations, I am pleased at the outset to extend my congratulations to HH Morgan Lykketoft on his election as President of the 70th session of the General Assembly wishing him every success.
I want also to express our appreciation to HH Sam Kutesa, president of the 69th session of the General Assembly for his efforts in running its tasks. I also avail myself on this occasion to commend the effort of HE the Secretary General Ban Ki Moon to archives the UN goals.
It is gratifying that the UN has adopted the post-2015 Sustainable Development land which we have participated in, because it is our belief that a good distribution of the development fruits is a prerequisite for realizing social justice, maintaining human dignity, and enhancing the cohesion of communities, consequently enhancing security and stability in the World.
Since there is no lasting stability without development and social justice, development is equally impossible under the circumstances of war and unrest. It was our hope that this session be convened after some progress has been made concerning some bloody conflicts in this world, but we find ourselves encountering more challenges and crises that threaten international peace and security.
The absence of international consensus has returned to be an obstacle in the face of important issues, and the selectivity adopted in enforcing justice and international law is still prevalent in dealing with regional issues, and this would dent the concept of international legitimacy and the values, norms and principles that have settled in human conscience and adopted by the international community after millions of people had paid a dear price, especially after major humanitarian experiences that have taken their toll on peoples’ memory, such as enslavement, genocide, colonialism, racism, and world wars, etc. It is not permissible to manipulate these values that have been derived from the suffering of the peoples, and perhaps this is the basis of the existence of this Organization, and without this basis there would be no sense for such annual meetings.
Mr. President, The conflict in the Middle East would continue to pose a constant threat to international peace and security for its direct impact on many of the crises facing the region and the world.
The just and lasting solution of Palestinian cause, which remains an issue of people displaced from their land, and are still under the yoke of occupation, cannot be delayed to the next generation.
The achievement of a just and lasting settlement that allows an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands and establishing a Palestinian State requires an Israeli partner for peace. For the time being, there is neither an Israeli partner for a just peace, nor even for a settlement. In these circumstances there is an international obligation that cannot be evaded towards the last de facto colonial issue in modern history.
And until there is an end to the occupation, the procrastination, delay tactics, futile contacts and statements would continue. Also there would be a continuation of the condemned hectic settlement activity in addition to the persistent violations of the sanctity of Al-Aqsa Mosque, which is a clear indication not only of the absence of Israel’s will for peace, but also the domination of ultra-orthodox fundamentalist nationalist elements over of the Israeli policy.
Look at what is happening in Jerusalem ! Extremist religious political forces tend to rely on literal interpretations of text versions dating back to thousands of years in order to desecrate other people’s sanctities, occupy their land and to settle on it, isn’t this tantamount to a religious fundamentalism? Isn’t this violence an act of terrorism carried out by radical religious forces? Allow me to send a message to all major parties of the international community in general that the continuation of the Palestinian cause without a permanent and just solution is a stigma at the face of humanity.
The international community is failing in what is less than a fair settlement, it did not even succeed in forcing the reconstruction of the Gaza Strip in the aftermath of the aggression.
An international conference by a Norwegian initiative convened specifically for this purpose. Qatar has pledged to pay one billion dollars for the reconstruction process, and we are pursuing providing aid to Gaza Strip until the end of implementing our commitment, but we wonder: What happened to the conference and its decisions? The international community represented by the Security Council must assume its responsibilities, by taking a firm stance forcing Israel to comply with deliverables of peace, namely, halting of all forms of settlement activity in the occupied Palestinian territories, lifting the unjust siege on the Gaza Strip and to be committed to implement the resolutions of the international legitimacy that recognize the Palestinian people right to regain their legitimate national rights, and establish an independent Palestinian State according to 1967- borders, as per the principle of two-state solution.
We caution against missing the opportunities, because if peoples reach a conclusion that there is no peaceful solution to this issue, then this would lead to unpredictable dire consequences on the region and the World.
Mr. President, The Syrian crisis with its current and future dimensions and repercussions is generating catastrophic consequences for the Middle East region, and even the world, in light of the continuation of the atrocities and horrendous crimes committed by the regime against the Syrian people, the threat to the core status of the State and its people, and creating a breeding ground environment for intensifying the phenomenon of extremism and terrorism under false religious, sectarian and ethnic banners that will threat humans, community and cultural heritage in Syria and the region.
In this context, the Syrian regime has manipulated the concept of terrorism, by depicting the peaceful demonstrations as terrorism, while it has been practising actual acts of terrorism.
When the shelling and killing of civilians brought the people to adopt armed action, and the entry of some organizations that are not committed to the demands and principles of the Syrian revolution into the sphere of the political action without permission, Syria has turned into a war zone; then the regime has attempted to scare the international community away of the alternative.
It was incumbent on the international community to stop the massacres at the right time, and provides the conditions for the Syrian people to put forward a rationale, civil and fair alternative to tyranny. But is there a tyranny in the world that could acknowledge an alternative? Is it possible for a tranny to allow an alternative to grow and develop under its shadow? When people suffer from war of genocide and displacement, then the worst decision is not to take a decision, and the most detrimental danger is to ignore the danger.
The failure of the international community to take the necessary decisions and measures to end this disaster is a major crime . It reveals the failure and the inability of the international order, and leads to a loss of confidence in the law and the international community.
In this context the role of the General Assembly must be activated and strengthened as a broader framework for dealing with peoples’ issues in light of the inability or the failure of the Security Council to find fair solutions for them.
From here I call for cooperation in order to impose a political solution in Syria that would end the reign of tyranny and replacing it with a pluralistic regime based on equal citizenship for all Syrians, defeat radicalism and terrorism and insulate Syria from them, repatriate the displaced to their homes, and allows reconstruction of Syria. The question is not whether this is possible, it is possible if there is a will among certain countries.
Mr. President, We affirm our commitment to Yemen’s unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty, and support the legitimacy and completion of the political process, in accordance with the Gulf initiative, its executive mechanism, the outputs of the national dialogue in Yemen in January 2014, the Declaration of Riyadh in May 2015, and the relevant Security Council resolutions, particularly Resolution No. 2216.
It is not reasonable to have a precedent that a basic political party accepts the outcome of a national dialogue and then tend to neglect it and try to impose its own vision and domination over the whole country by arms.
Concerning the Iraqi affair, the stability of Iraq requires a national general consensus devoid of any outside interferences and free from any discrimination whether sectarian or ethnic; and we hope that the Iraqi government be able to meet the requirements of concord and reconciliation among the various Iraqi people’s factions.
The experience in Iraq and Yemen has proved that the existence of militias outside the framework of legitimacy doesn’t only pose a threat to the State by virtue of the definition of the State and its exclusive right in establishing armed forces, but it is tantamount to a dormant civil war that would turn into a full blown civil war sooner or later.
Any political solution in Iraq, Yemen, Syria or Libya must include ending the existence of militias outside the legitimate institutions of the State. This is a key component part of any genuine settlement, without which there would neither be a permanent settlement, nor real solutions.
The political forces in our region must be alert to the phenomenon of thousands of young people who recently took to the streets in more than one Arab country demanding that citizenship be the basis for partnership, and refusing either to be represented on a sectarian basis, or that sectarian representation be used to cover up corruption.
Mr. President, The phenomenon of terrorism with its dire consequences imposes grave political, security and economic challenges before nations and peoples. There is no doubt that tension and conflict zones have contributed to the emergence of terrorist organizations.
The international community’s failure in addressing the hotbeds of tension and conflict has also contributed to creating an environment that advocates the execution of terrorist operations.
Terrorism comes from radical ideas that accept no compromise with the reality of people and their potentials; it thrives in an atmosphere of despair and blocked horizon.
Terrorism does not emerge in an atmosphere of policies that guarantee living in dignity and freedom for the citizens, but it arises in the shadow of tyranny, feeds on the oppression and humiliation, builds up grudge and hatred due to torture in prisons, and took advantage of the loss of hope of peaceful political action.
In fact, the behavior of influential powers in the international community distorts people’s perceptions rather than contributing to provide clarifications. Some armed militias committing crimes against civilians and public institutions are branded as terrorist , while others perpetrating violence and intimidation against civilians are not considered as terrorist due to considerations that are not linked with local communities, but related to major powers and regional countries, or because of reasons that are related to transitional alliances.
The rising toll of victims of the terrorist operations has necessitated the use of military force to deal with terrorism, and we affirm our commitment to fight terrorism, but even in the harshest conditions we should not ignore the underlying causes, otherwise the result would be a worsening of the phenomenon and an increase in its spread.
We stress here that in essence there is no faith that preaches terrorism. In all religious texts there are enough teachings that call for peace, tolerance and coexistence. but the fundamental thing which is ignored by the promoters of literal citations is the religions’ spirit that preaches noble values, tolerance cooperation and constructive dialogue for the benefit of human community. Simple people with their typical religiosity consider the religion, first and foremost, a set of values and morals. This is what we must build on.
Mr. President, The State of Qatar has sought to pursue an advanced policy in the field of protecting and promoting human rights, and we continue to cooperate with the international organizations through our membership in the Human Rights Council to consolidate the concepts and the culture of human rights through pursuing an approach based on the rule of law, transparency, justice and human dignity.
We must work together to strengthen the collective security system to effectively deal with international and regional problems to maintain the rights of peoples, and to persistently face any attempts to impose temporary solutions to address the side effects of the problems rather than touching their roots.
Finally, the State of Qatar will spare no effort in supporting the international community’s efforts to achieve the goals that we all seek in a manner that would achieve the interest of our peoples and the good of humanity.
May Allah Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon you.